全球主要国家及地区汽车分类标准对比,日本汽

2019-09-23 05:13 来源:未知

除此之外重要国家及地面小车分类方法,世界还也可以有一点点首要汽车分类标准,以下做一简介。Vehicle size categories for passenger vehicles for the China NCAP program as defined by the China Automotive Technology and Research Center may appear similar to the European system, but are closer to the Japanese in application.

东瀛是小车生产大国,可它的归类相比较轻便。

分裂的国度及地域对于小车的分类是例外的,以下我们将对挤占主流的欧洲和美洲小车分类标准举办比较。

Small cars, sometimes referred to as the A0-segment, are vehicles including MPVs of less than 4 m in length (roughly corresponding to the European A- and B-segments, and the US EPA's mini- and subcompact classes).

Vehicle size classes in Japan are rather simple compared to other regions. There are just three different classes defined by regulations:

Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories or do not fit well into any. Not all car types are common in all countries and names for the same vehicle can differ by region. Furthermore, some descriptions may be interpreted differently in different places. Broadly speaking, there are a set of classifications which are widely understood in North America, and another set which are somewhat understood in English-speaking contexts in Europe. Some terms borrowed from non-English languages may have different meanings when used in their native language.

Category A (A-segment) vehicles are 2-box vehicles (hatchbacks, MPVs or wagons) of between 4 and 4.5 meters in length, or 3-box vehicles (i.e. sedans with a trunk) with engines of less than 1600 cc.

Keijidosha (light cars): Buyers of Kei cars enjoy a number of tax, registration and other benefits to encourage the purchase of these tiny vehicles (among road vehicles requiring a license only the smart fortwo and Russian Oka are smaller). Regulations have been updated a number of times over the years to allow larger, more powerful cars to be developed and maintain demand as buyers become more affluent but now define a vehicle less than 3.4 m long, 1.48 m wide, 2 m high and with an engine under 660 cc.

汽车分类规范相比较

Category B (B-segment) vehicles are longer than 4.5 m in length with engines of over 1600 cc.

Small size vehicles, commonly called "5 number" vehicles in reference to their license-plate prefix. Historically subject to different design rules than "normal size" vehicles, this class is defined as limited to vehicles less than 4.7 m long, 1.7 m wide, 2 m high and with engines under 2000 cc. Vans, trucks and station wagons (considered commercial vehicles in Japan) in the small size class receive a "4 number" license prefix. Since the 1980s an increasing number of Japanese vehicles have grown beyond the confines of the small size class as most automakers now design vehicles primarily for export, and most compact and even subcompact cars well under 4.7 m in length are now too wide, or have engines too large.

中式克罗地亚共和国语名称

Multi-Purpose Vehicles, or MPVs: those with more than two rows of seats.

Normal size vehicles, commonly called "3 number" in reference to their license-plate prefix (trucks and buses over 2000 cc have license plates numbers beginning with 1 and 2 respectively), are those more than 4.7 m long, 1.7 m wide, 2 m high or with engines larger than 2000 cc. While in the past vehicles such as the original Honda Legend were produced in both "small size" (just under 4.7 m long and 1.7 m wide) for the domestic market, and longer and wider "normal size" versions, primarily for export markets, it is now only passenger and commercial vans which are produced with versions for both regulatory classes.

英式意大利共和国语名称

Sport Utility vehicles or SUVs.

东瀛汽车分类相比较轻易,只有三类,即轻型车、Mini车、标准尺寸的车的型号等三类,以上文字简要地介绍了部分见仁见智车的型号的参数与有关发展变革景况。

亚洲分类名称

如上分类方法是由中中原人民共和国手艺与研商中央提供的,它近似于欧洲分类,不过与东瀛分类法更近。

EuroNCAP

正文版权为盖世汽车具备,招待转发!请必需表明出处及小编。

车的型号表率

Microcar

Microcar, Bubble car

-

-

Smart Fortwo

-

City car

A-segment

Supermini

Renault Twingo

Subcompact car

Supermini

B-segment

Hyundai Accent

Compac­­t car

Small family car

C-segment

Small family car

Ford Focus

Mid-size car

Large family car

D-segment

Large family car

Volkswagen Passat

Entry-level luxury car

Compact executive car

Audi A4

Full-size car

Executive car

E-segment

Executive car

Chrysler 300

Mid-size luxury car

BMW 5 Series

Full-size luxury car

Luxury car

F-segment

-

Mercedes-Benz S-Class

Sports car

Sports car

-

-

Porsche 911

Grand tourer

Grand tourer

-

-

Jaguar XK

Supercar

Supercar

-

-

Ferrari F50

Convertible

Convertible

-

-

Volkswagen Eos

Roadster

Roadster

-

Roadster

BMW Z4

-

Leisure activity vehicle

B-segment

Small MPV

Peugeot Partner

-

Mini MPV

B-segment

Opel Meriva

Compact minivan

Compact MPV

C-segment

Mazda5

Minivan

Large MPV

D-segment

MPV

Toyota Previa

Mini SUV

Mini 4x4

B-segment

Small Off-Roader

Suzuki SX4

Compact SUV

Compact 4x4

C/D-segment

Honda CR-V

Mid-size crossover SUV

Large 4x4

E-segment

Large Off-Roader

BMW X5

Mid-size SUV

Off-roader

E-segment

Jeep Grand Cherokee

Full-size SUV

-

Cadillac Escalade

“小车类型”的归类带有主观性,因为它的连串实在是太多了,要么同期属于多少个类型,要么与哪一种都贴不上边。世界各国的小车类型称号也不尽一样,就算同一种车的型号的名目也可以有地域距离。总的说来,北美地区的一对分类名称有断定共通性;在德文氛围内,澳国的一些分拣方法在某种程度上也得以理解,而立陶宛(Lithuania)语中有个别称谓是从其余语言中借过来的,因而其与与源语中的本义不相同样了。

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